Progression of Atherosclerosis

Risk Factors

Risk for CAD and MI increases with the number of risk factors a patient has. For patients with known or suspected CAD, certain factors can be controlled through lifestyle modifications or treatment. Age, sex, and family history cannot be changed.3

Fixed Risk Factors3

  • Age (≥45 years in men and ≥55 years in women)
  • Sex (men may be at higher risk)
  • Family history of premature CAD (onset in a male relative before 55 years or a female relative before 65 years)

Manageable Risk Factors3

  • Hyperlipidemia
  • Diabetes and prediabetes
  • Smoking
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Hypertension
  • Overweight and obesity
  • Physical inactivity
  • Stress

These risk factors may be controlled to reduce risk for CAD and MI.4,5

Lifestyle Changes

  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Manage stress
  • Quit smoking
  • Be physically active

Medical Treatment

  • Control cholesterol
  • Lower blood pressure
  • Prevent blood clots